URBAN STUDIES Urbanization is a term that means different things to different people. It appears everywhere and is almost taken for granted. Urbanization is a process of development in terms of production and capital, and standardization of consumer tastes and their legitimization, and awareness in health sector.
The Megalopolis is defined as a group of urbanized areas that is extended from Boston to Washington D.C. which was considered as the main street of America. From 1950’s through 2000 there were drastic development that changed the whole scenario of the Megalopolis.
From 1950 to 2000 there was certain increase in migration from other parts of the country to the Megalopolis. The reason for this was Stabilization in terms of development in most of the sectors that include Health care, Educational institutions, Finance, Information Technology and different Industries.
While stabilization measures are short-term packages, administered by the Fund, structural adjustment packages are long-term measures towards deregulation, liberalization and privatization largely supervised by the Bank. The economic logic underlying these measures rests on the assumption that market-mediated growth will ensure efficient allocation of resources.
Casualisation of labor is a cause of immiserisation. The process has been accentuated and there is a clear trend showing increase in casual labor, be that for males or females. Although it is not exactly a reform phenomenon it has been considerably accentuated during the period, obviously because casulaisation fully fits in with the market strategy. It also be noted that during the urbanization of Megalopolis the regular employment for females has increased. This is indicative of a kind of feminization of labor.
The brunt of casualisation often falls on the unskilled labor categories in the unorganized sector whose well-being depends on how their real wages behave.
No study on the impact of urbanization is complete without reference to its possible impact on human development. Admittedly human development depends primarily on how the disadvantaged are helped. The Government released funds to poor to develop the Health care and Educational systems. Consequently, the poor people who cannot afford costly hospitalization and Medicare have been marginalized.
Among other things, good health of a community depends on its nutritional status. A survey conducted by national health care agencies show that the per-capita intake of calories in Megalopolis has increased during 1950-2000 period when compared with other regions of the country.
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