One of the first instances of policy about same-sex marriage was set in 1866 when in Hyde v Hyde Lord Penzance stated that “Marriage as understood in Christendom, may be defined as the voluntary union for life of one man and one woman to the exclusion of all others” (Family Law 2007). This definition continued to be the policy in the UK for a long period of time and was reaffirmed in the Matrimonial Causes Act of 1973 where it was established that “marriage is void if ‘the parties are not respectively male and female” (Newton 2010, p. 91). The definition of marriage continued into the 21st century, but in 2004 the Civil Partnership Act provided for a means for same-sex partners to create legal unions with each other. However, this still did not include the concept of marriage and religious ceremonies were not a valid form of creating the union. These partnerships had to be made in civil ceremonies to be legal (Harding 2010, p. 16).
The first step towards allowing same-sex marriage was taken in 2005 when civil partnerships became legal through the Civil Partnership Act of 2004 and allowed for the same consequences that a couple would experience in opposite-sex marriage (Dallas and Draper 2010, p. 196). However, the word marriage would not be legally used for same-sex unions. In January of this year the first reading of the Marriage (same-sex) Act 2012-2013, 2013-2014 to allow same-sex marriage was accomplished, with the second reading occurring in May. With the third reading, it is expected that the Bill will be passed (Smith-Spark 2013). The Marriage (same-sex) Act 2012-2013, 2013-2014 will legitimize marriage for same-sex partners as long as they follow the Marriage Act of 1949 just like any other couple who chooses to marry (Smith-Spark 2013).
In looking at the issue of same-sex marriage at the macro level it can be seen through .the lens of the logic of industrialism stance (Hudson and Stuart, p. 8). .