PsychoSocial and Biological Approaches to Understanding and Treating Anxiety Disorders in Adults

Something must be done to improve the condition of the neglected mentally ill adults. There must be alternative ways to serve these unfortunate members of the society who most of the time, do not wish to stay in mental institutions of mental facilities and centers. It is the purpose of this paper then to dig into different psycho-social and psychological approaches that could be utilized in treating the mentally disturbed patients or family members. For better understanding, this paper also aims to provide a comprehensive definition of what anxiety disturbance on adult means.
Anxiety disturbance comes in different types. Starcevic (2004) enumerated several types of adult anxiety disorders such as (1) panic disorder, (2) generalized anxiety disorder, (3) social anxiety disorder, (4) specific phobias, (5) obsessive-compulsive disorder, and (6) posttraumatic stress disorder. It is important to define and describe these types of disorders in order to understand the differences between such disorders.
Panic Disorder. This disorder can occur because of biologic or environmental cause and this occurs as twice more on women than in men. Katon (2006) stated that this is caused by an abnormally sensitive fear network that includes the prefrontal cortex, insula, thalamus, amygdala and projections from the amygdala to the locus ceruleus, hypothalamus, periaqueductal grey substance, and parabrachial nucleus.
Generalized anxiety disorder. This is described as the worry associated with three or more of the following six symptoms that could persist for days to about six months. (1) restless. (2) feeling of fatigue. (3) difficulty in concentrating . (4) irritability (5) muscle tension. and (6) difficulty in falling or staying asleep.