The article will also discuss other topics in forensic science and elaborate on some of the key pieces of evidence that are used to close a particular case.
Forensic science can be traced back to the 18th century with the majority of the work taking place during the 19th century. During that ancient time, people did not possess the technological and robust scientific advancements that we nowadays take for granted. Instead, they were relying on a forced confession, and other testimonies provided by the witnesses. This was not very helpful in getting justice to the assaults since it allowed several criminals to walk free and many innocent people being convicted wrongfully. The first recorded forensics was in the year 1248 when a Chinese man who was commonly referred to as death investigator performed an experiment to determine that a victim’s fatal blow was a result of the strike of a sickle (Ogden, 2010).
What people perceive as forensic science seemed to have been born in china but got advanced development in Europe during the year 1700. Several scholars by then wrote books, developed different theories to explain some aspects of crime and practiced routines that later developed to be the mature crime scene investigation techniques. All these scholars like the Italian surgeons, Swedish chemist, and other German experts borrowed their fundamentals from the Chinese man who started rote forensic. In the USA, forensic science was adopted in the early 20th century in a few medical schools in eastern cities, which were medico-legal institutions. Military firearm expert Calvin Goddard was one of the first people to use the new tool of forensic firearm identification. He was able to match weapons and cartridge cases and bullets that were recovered at St. Valentine’s day massacre of 1929. Because of Goddard’s work in the case, it led to the establishment of a forensic laboratory in Chicago. In 1929, Dr. Paul Kirk, who was .a professor at the University of California developed the subject of forensic science and he established the philosophies that govern the practice to date.