So it starts with how the populace in Darfur mostly consists of two main Muslim ethnicities: non-Arabs blacks such as the Fur, Masalit, and Zaghawa. and Arabic tribes jointly called the Baggara. The Baggara are typically nomadic herdsmen while the non-Arabs are mostly sedentary farmers, so the antagonism for land and water resources has led to violent arguments between each other. It is not only verbal for North Muslim and Southern Christian territories that have been feeling the strain of the evident favoritism from the Arabic dictator. Things finally snapped for the two when the Islamic law was put into play in 1983, which had led to the Second Sudanese Civil War. It lasted until 2002 when a ceasefire was finally called.Though the fighting had stopped, the government still refused to grant something more rational for the region’s population that resulted in the formation of two rebel groups called the “Justice and Equality Movement” and the “Sudanese Liberation”. They accused the government of being prejudiced against non-Arabs while favoring the Arabs. The tension started to get so severe that things finally came down when the rebel groups launched a surprise attack on government forces early 2003. The government was caught off-guard without enough troops to fight back in the region. In retaliation, the government began a series of air raids that were accompanied by ground attacks from an Arab militia that they endorsed called the Janjaweed. Janjaweed consisted of Arab recruits from local tribes with the government as its backbone, though the Sudanese President Omar Hassen denied any connection between them.The start of this is still debated, but the Janjaweed were said to have been unleashed somewhere around 2003, and since then, over 400,000 have died along with 2.5 million others driven from their homes.  The refugees are left without food and supplies with the constant threat of attack from the Janjaweed.